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Battle of Gheluvelt
On 28 October, as the 4th Army attacks bogged down, Falkenhayn responded to the costly failures of the 4th and 6th armies by ordering the armies to conduct holding attacks while a new force, Armeegruppe Fabeck (General Max von Fabeck) was assembled from XV Corps and the II Bavarian Corps, the 26th Division and the 6th Bavarian Reserve Division, under the XIII Corps headquarters. The Armeegruppe was rushed up to Deûlémont and Werviq, the boundary between the 6th and 4th armies, to attack towards Ypres and Poperinghe. Strict economies were imposed on the 6th Army formations further south, to provide artillery ammunition for 250 heavy guns allotted to support an attack to the north-west, between Gheluvelt and Messines. The XV Corps was to attack on the right flank, south of the Menin–Ypres road to the Comines–Ypres canal and the main effort was to come from there to Garde Dieu by the II Bavarian Corps, flanked by the 26th Division.


Battle of Gheluvelt (1 November 1914)
On 29 October, attacks by the XXVII Reserve Corps began against I Corps north of the Menin Road, at dawn, in thick fog. By nightfall, the Gheluvelt crossroads had been lost and 600 British prisoners taken. French attacks further north, by the 17th Division, 18th Division and 31st Division recaptured Bixschoote and Kortekeer Cabaret. Advances by Armeegruppe Fabeck to the south-west against I Corps and the dismounted Cavalry Corps further south, came to within 1.9 mi (3 km) of Ypres along the Menin road and brought the town into range of German artillery. On 30 October, German attacks by the 54th Reserve Division and the 30th Division, on the left flank of the BEF at Gheluvelt, were repulsed but the British were pushed out of Zandvoorde, Hollebeke and Hollebeke Château as German attacks on a line from Messines to Wytschaete and St Yves were repulsed. The British rallied opposite Zandvoorde with French reinforcements and "Bulfin's Force" a command improvised for the motley of troops. The BEF had many casualties and used all its reserves but the French IX Corps sent its last three battalions and retrieved the situation in the I Corps sector. On 31 October, German attacks near Gheluvelt broke through until a counter-attack by the 2nd Worcestershire restored the situation.

投稿日時 - 2019-03-12 15:51:24

QNo.9596119

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>Battle of Gheluvelt
 On 28 October, as the 4th Army attacks bogged down, Falkenhayn responded to the costly failures of the 4th and 6th armies by ordering the armies to conduct holding attacks while a new force, Armeegruppe Fabeck (General Max von Fabeck) was assembled from XV Corps and the II Bavarian Corps, the 26th Division and the 6th Bavarian Reserve Division, under the XIII Corps headquarters. The Armeegruppe was rushed up to Deûlémont and Werviq, the boundary between the 6th and 4th armies, to attack towards Ypres and Poperinghe.
⇒「ゲルベルトの戦い」
 10月28日、第4方面軍の攻撃が停滞したため、ファルケンハインは第4、第6方面軍のコストのかかった失敗に対応して、第XV軍団、第IIババリア軍団、第26師団および第6ババリア予備軍師団から新しい軍団、ファベック方面軍グループ(マックス・フォン・ファベック将軍)を第XIII軍団本部の下に編成する間、(第4、第6方面軍に)攻撃維持の行動を命じた。この方面軍グループは、第6方面軍と第4方面軍の間の境界であるドゥルモンとヴェルヴィクに急行し、イープルとポペリンゲに向かって攻撃した。

>Strict economies were imposed on the 6th Army formations further south, to provide artillery ammunition for 250 heavy guns allotted to support an attack to the north-west, between Gheluvelt and Messines. The XV Corps was to attack on the right flank, south of the Menin–Ypres road to the Comines–Ypres canal and the main effort was to come from there to Garde Dieu by the II Bavarian Corps, flanked by the 26th Division.
⇒北西のゲルベルトからメシーヌ(メセン)までの間の攻撃を支援するために割り当てられた250門の重砲の砲弾を提供するために、さらに南にある第6方面軍に厳しい経済負担が課された。第XV軍団がコミンズ(コミーヌ)‐イープル運河に通じるメニン‐イープル道南の右側面を攻撃し、そこから、第26師団を自らの側面に伴う第IIババリア軍団がガルド・デューまでやって来ることになっていた。

>Battle of Gheluvelt (1 November 1914)
 On 29 October, attacks by the XXVII Reserve Corps began against I Corps north of the Menin Road, at dawn, in thick fog. By nightfall, the Gheluvelt crossroads had been lost and 600 British prisoners taken. French attacks further north, by the 17th Division, 18th Division and 31st Division recaptured Bixschoote and Kortekeer Cabaret.
⇒「ゲルベルトの戦い」(1914年11月1日)
 10月29日、明け方の濃い霧の中で、メニン北の第I軍団に対する第XXVII予備軍団の攻撃が始まった。日没までにゲルベルト交差点は失われ、600人の英国兵が捕縛された。さらに北のフランス攻撃隊は、第17、第18、および第31師団による攻撃でビクスチョーテとコルトケール・カバレットを奪還した。

>Advances by Armeegruppe Fabeck to the south-west against I Corps and the dismounted Cavalry Corps further south, came to within 1.9 mi (3 km) of Ypres along the Menin road and brought the town into range of German artillery. On 30 October, German attacks by the 54th Reserve Division and the 30th Division, on the left flank of the BEF at Gheluvelt, were repulsed but the British were pushed out of Zandvoorde, Hollebeke and Hollebeke Château as German attacks on a line from Messines to Wytschaete and St Yves were repulsed.
⇒さらに南の第I軍団と下馬した騎兵隊軍団に向かって南西に進軍したファベック方面軍グループは、メニン道路沿いのイープルから3キロ(1.9マイル)以内に来たので、町がドイツ砲兵の射程に捉えられた。10月30日に、在ゲルベルトのBEF左側面に対峙する第54予備師団と第30師団によるドイツ軍の攻撃は撃退されたが、メシーヌからウィツシャテとサン・イーヴに到る戦線に対してのドイツ軍攻撃によって、英国軍はザンヴォールド、ホレベケ、およびホレベケ城から追放された。

>The British rallied opposite Zandvoorde with French reinforcements and "Bulfin's Force" a command improvised for the motley of troops. The BEF had many casualties and used all its reserves but the French IX Corps sent its last three battalions and retrieved the situation in the I Corps sector. On 31 October, German attacks near Gheluvelt broke through until a counter-attack by the 2nd Worcestershire restored the situation.
⇒英国軍は、フランス軍の増援隊および混成軍用に即成された部隊「ブルフィン軍団」とともに、ザンヴォールドの対抗筋に再集結した。BEFは多くの死傷者を出し、その全予備軍を使ったが、フランス第IX軍団は最後の3個大隊を送り、第I軍団部隊の状況を挽回し取り戻した。10月31日、ドイツ軍はゲルベルト近くを攻撃突破したが、それは第2ウースターシャー部隊の反撃によって状況が回復されるまでの(一時的な)ことであった。

投稿日時 - 2019-03-20 11:51:41

お礼

回答ありがとうございました。

投稿日時 - 2019-03-20 21:21:55

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