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The Battle of Langemarck took place from 21–24 October, after an advance by the German 4th and 6th armies which began on 19 October, as the left flank of the BEF began advancing towards Menin and Roulers. On 20 October, Langemarck, north-east of Ypres, was held by a French territorial unit and the British IV corps to the south. I Corps (Lieutenant-General Douglas Haig) was due to arrive with orders to attack on 21 October. On 21 October, it had been cloudy and attempts to reconnoitre the German positions during the afternoon had not observed any German troops movements; the arrival of four new German reserve corps was discovered by prisoner statements, wireless interception and the increasing power of German attacks; ​5

1⁄2 infantry corps were now known to be north of the Lys, along with the four cavalry corps, against ​7

1⁄3 British divisions and five allied cavalry divisions. The British attack made early progress but the 4th army began a series of attacks, albeit badly organised and poorly supported. The German 6th and 4th armies attacked from Armentières to Messines and Langemarck. The British IV Corps was attacked around Langemarck, where the 7th Division was able to repulse German attacks and I Corps was able to make a short advance.
Further north, French cavalry was pushed back to the Yser by the XXIII Reserve Corps and by nightfall was dug in from the junction with the British at Steenstraat to the vicinity of Dixmude, the boundary with the Belgian army. The British closed the gap with a small number of reinforcements and on 23 October, the French IX Corps took over the north end of the Ypres salient, relieving I Corps with the 17th Division. Kortekeer Cabaret was recaptured by the 1st Division and the 2nd Division was relieved. Next day, I Corps had been relieved and the 7th Division lost Polygon Wood temporarily. The left flank of the 7th Division was taken over by the 2nd Division, which joined in the counter-attack of the French IX Corps on the northern flank towards Roulers and Thourout, as the fighting further north on the Yser impeded German attacks around Ypres. German attacks were made on the right flank of the 7th Division at Gheluvelt. The British sent the remains of I Corps to reinforce IV Corps. German attacks from 25–26 October were made further south, against the 7th Division on the Menin Road and on 26 October part of the line crumbled until reserves were scraped up to block the gap and avoid a rout.

Langemarck ランゲマルク

投稿日時 - 2019-03-12 15:49:12

QNo.9596118

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>The Battle of Langemarck took place from 21–24 October, after an advance by the German 4th and 6th armies which began on 19 October, as the left flank of the BEF began advancing towards Menin and Roulers. On 20 October, Langemarck, north-east of Ypres, was held by a French territorial unit and the British IV corps to the south. I Corps (Lieutenant-General Douglas Haig) was due to arrive with orders to attack on 21 October.
⇒「ランゲマルクの戦い」は、BEFの左側面隊がメニンやルーラーに向かって前進し始めたのに呼応してドイツ第4、第6方面軍が10月19日に前進し始めた後の10月21日-24日に起こった。10月20日、イープルの北東にあるランゲマルクはフランス領部隊が保持し、その南を英国第IV軍団が保持していた。第I軍団(ダグラス・ヘイグ中将)が、10月21日に攻撃指令を拝命して到着することになっていた。

>On 21 October, it had been cloudy and attempts to reconnoitre the German positions during the afternoon had not observed any German troops movements; the arrival of four new German reserve corps was discovered by prisoner statements, wireless interception and the increasing power of German attacks; 5 1⁄2 infantry corps were now known to be north of the Lys, along with the four cavalry corps, against 7 1⁄3 British divisions and five allied cavalry divisions. The British attack made early progress but the 4th army began a series of attacks, albeit badly organised and poorly supported. The German 6th and 4th armies attacked from Armentières to Messines and Langemarck. The British IV Corps was attacked around Langemarck, where the 7th Division was able to repulse German attacks and I Corps was able to make a short advance.
⇒10月21日、曇天の午後の間にドイツ軍陣地を偵察しようと試みるも、いかなるドイツ軍の動きも観察されなかった。囚人の陳述、無線の傍受、それとドイツ軍の攻撃の勢いの増大によって新しいドイツ軍4個予備軍団の到着が発見された。今や、5個半の歩兵隊軍団が4個騎兵隊軍団とともに、7 1/3個の英国軍師団と5個の連合国軍騎兵隊師団に対峙するリィス北部軍として知られていた。英国軍攻撃隊は早い段階で進軍したが、第4方面軍も、まずい組織化と貧弱な支持の下ながら、一連の攻撃を始めた。ドイツの第6、第4方面軍は、アルメンティェールから(出撃して)メシーヌとランゲマルクを攻撃した。英国の第IV軍団はランゲマルク周辺で攻撃されたが、そこでは第7師団がドイツ軍の攻撃を撃退することができたし、第I軍団が短い進軍をすることもできた。

>Further north, French cavalry was pushed back to the Yser by the XXIII Reserve Corps and by nightfall was dug in from the junction with the British at Steenstraat to the vicinity of Dixmude, the boundary with the Belgian army. The British closed the gap with a small number of reinforcements and on 23 October, the French IX Corps took over the north end of the Ypres salient, relieving I Corps with the 17th Division. Kortekeer Cabaret was recaptured by the 1st Division and the 2nd Division was relieved. Next day, I Corps had been relieved and the 7th Division lost Polygon Wood temporarily.
⇒さらに北では、フランス軍騎兵隊が第XXIII予備軍団によってイゼールに押し戻され、日没までにステーンストラートで英国軍との接触交点からベルギー軍との境界であるディクスミュードの近くまで塹壕を掘ってこもった。英国軍は少数の増援でこの間隙を埋め、10月23日にはフランス第9軍団がイープル要塞の北端を占領し、第I軍団を第17師団ともども救援した。コルトケール・カバレットが第1師団に奪還され、第2師団が救援された。翌日、第I軍団は解放され、第7師団は一時的にポリゴン・ウッドを失った。

>The left flank of the 7th Division was taken over by the 2nd Division, which joined in the counter-attack of the French IX Corps on the northern flank towards Roulers and Thourout, as the fighting further north on the Yser impeded German attacks around Ypres. German attacks were made on the right flank of the 7th Division at Gheluvelt. The British sent the remains of I Corps to reinforce IV Corps. German attacks from 25–26 October were made further south, against the 7th Division on the Menin Road and on 26 October part of the line crumbled until reserves were scraped up to block the gap and avoid a rout.
⇒第7師団の左側面陣営を第2師団が引き継ぎ、北側面に布陣するフランス第IX方面軍団のルーレルとツルートに対する反撃に合流し、イゼールのさらに北側で戦ってイープル周辺のドイツ軍の攻撃を阻止した。ゲルベルトにある第7師団の右側面隊に対してドイツ軍の攻撃が行われた。英国軍は、第IV軍団を強化するために第I軍団の残り兵を送った。10月25日-26日にドイツ軍による攻撃はさらに南下して、メニン道の第7師団に対して行われ、10月26日には戦線の一部が崩壊したので、間隙を塞いで総崩れを回避するために予備軍までが引き出された。

投稿日時 - 2019-03-19 18:30:52

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回答ありがとうございました。

投稿日時 - 2019-03-20 21:22:39

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