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Lt-Col Giffard, who had arrived with 2/2nd KAR and now took command over all present British forces, consequently saw a good opportunity to finally encircle and crush the Schutztruppe.
The German forces began to move northeast towards the Lioma-Muanhupa road at 9.00 on 31 August, after regrouping during the night. In order to speed up their advance, they left behind seriously wounded and sick Schutztruppe personnel as well as prisoners. These were later captured by the British. The German vanguard was once again formed by the columns of Müller and Göring, the main body was led by Gen. Maj. Kurt Wahle, while Hptm. Stemmermann was left in charge of the rearguard. Lettow-Vorbeck would freely move through the force to oversee its advance and take command wherever he was most needed. Even though they sent out patrols to learn about the Schutztruppe's location throughout the night, the British only received reports about Lettow-Vorbeck's movement at 10.00. Thereupon Giffard ordered 2/2nd KAR and half of 3/2nd KAR to move eastwards, and 1/2nd KAR to march west in order to engage and encircle the German forces between them. 1/1st KAR, badly shaken by the previous day's fighting, was to remain at Lioma to guard the British baggage and reserve ammunition, while the other half of 3/2nd KAR was held as mobile reserve.
Two companies of 2/2nd KAR came up against the German vanguard's flank on the Lioma-Muanhupa road around 12.00, immediately starting a stubborn, but stagnant firefight with Abt Müller and Abt Göring. Other elements of the 2/2nd and 3/2nd KAR attempted to flank this vanguard and attack the German main body in order to scatter its carriers and capture its supplies, which would have meant a heavy logistical blow for the Schutztruppe. Well covered by the bush and the rugged hills, however, the German main body evaded the British to the west and managed to move eastwards along the road, and then on a trail into the northern hills. After encountering 2/2nd and 3/2nd KAR, Lettow-Vorbeck initially assumed that he could possibly destroy them with a determinded counter-attack using all his forces; this plan was dropped, however, when it became clear that the German main body had already too far advanced northwards to be called back for an assault. Meanwhile, unknown to the Germans, 1/2nd KAR marched southwest along the Lioma-Muanhupa road, and encountered parts of the Schutztruppe's rearguard by 14.30. Completely surprising the defenders, 1/2nd KAR managed to overrun a whole enemy field hospital largely unopposed.

投稿日時 - 2018-08-19 00:33:37

QNo.9528806

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>Lt-Col Giffard, who had arrived with 2/2nd KAR and now took command over all present British forces, consequently saw a good opportunity to finally encircle and crush the Schutztruppe.
⇒ジファード中佐は、第2/2KAR隊とともに到着し、今や英国軍団全体を指揮し、植民地保護隊を最終的に包囲して押し潰す良い機会が出現する状況となった。

> The German forces began to move northeast towards the Lioma-Muanhupa road at 9.00 on 31 August, after regrouping during the night. In order to speed up their advance, they left behind seriously wounded and sick Schutztruppe personnel as well as prisoners. These were later captured by the British. The German vanguard was once again formed by the columns of Müller and Göring, the main body was led by Gen. Maj. Kurt Wahle, while Hptm. Stemmermann was left in charge of the rearguard. Lettow-Vorbeck would freely move through the force to oversee its advance and take command wherever he was most needed.
⇒ドイツ軍団は、夜間に隊を再編した後、8月31日9時にリオマ=ムワンフパ道路に向かって北東へ移動し始めた。彼らは進軍を加速するために、重傷を負ったり、病気を罹患したりしているような植民地保護隊員や囚人を後に残した。その人たちは後に英国軍に捕らえられた。ドイツ軍の先遣隊はミュラー縦隊とゲーリング縦隊によって再編成されたが、本体はクルト・ヴァフレ少将によって主導され、シュテンマーマン大尉は後衛部を担当した。レトウ=フォルベックは、彼の進軍の全体を監督し、最も必要とされるところはどこでも指揮するために、全軍団内を自由に移動することにしていた。

>Even though they sent out patrols to learn about the Schutztruppe's location throughout the night, the British only received reports about Lettow-Vorbeck's movement at 10.00. Thereupon Giffard ordered 2/2nd KAR and half of 3/2nd KAR to move eastwards, and 1/2nd KAR to march west in order to engage and encircle the German forces between them. 1/1st KAR, badly shaken by the previous day's fighting, was to remain at Lioma to guard the British baggage and reserve ammunition, while the other half of 3/2nd KAR was held as mobile reserve.
⇒英国軍は夜間に植民地保護隊の位置を知るためにパトロール隊を送ったが、レトウ=フォルベックの動きに関する報告を10時に受け取っただけであった。その後、ジファードは第2/2 KAR隊と第3/2 KAR隊の半分を東へ、第1/2 KAR隊を西へ進めたが、それは彼らの間にドイツ軍を巻き込んで交戦するためであった。前日の戦闘でひどく動揺していた第1/1KAR隊は英国軍の荷物を守り、弾薬を預かるためにリオマに留まり、他方第3/2KAR隊の残りの半分は移動準備要員として保留されていた。

>Two companies of 2/2nd KAR came up against the German vanguard's flank on the Lioma-Muanhupa road around 12.00, immediately starting a stubborn, but stagnant firefight with Abt Müller and Abt Göring. Other elements of the 2/2nd and 3/2nd KAR attempted to flank this vanguard and attack the German main body in order to scatter its carriers and capture its supplies, which would have meant a heavy logistical blow for the Schutztruppe. Well covered by the bush and the rugged hills, however, the German main body evaded the British to the west and managed to move eastwards along the road, and then on a trail into the northern hills.
⇒12時ごろに第2/2 KAR隊の2個中隊がリオマ=ムワンフパ道でドイツ軍先遣隊の側面に接近し、直ちにミュラー部隊およびゲーリング部隊との間で頑強な銃撃戦を開始したが、停滞気味だった。他の第2/2隊および第3/2 KAR隊の要員がこの先遣隊を包囲し、輸送隊を散らしてその供給品を捕獲するためにドイツ軍の本体を攻撃した。これは植民地保護隊にとって重大な物流上の打撃を意味した。しかし、藪草と険しい丘に覆われたドイツ軍の本体は、英国軍を避けて西へ向かい、東へ向かって道路沿いに移動し、そして、それから北の丘陵に向かった。

>After encountering 2/2nd and 3/2nd KAR, Lettow-Vorbeck initially assumed that he could possibly destroy them with a determinded counter-attack using all his forces; this plan was dropped, however, when it became clear that the German main body had already too far advanced northwards to be called back for an assault. Meanwhile, unknown to the Germans, 1/2nd KAR marched southwest along the Lioma-Muanhupa road, and encountered parts of the Schutztruppe's rearguard by 14.30. Completely surprising the defenders, 1/2nd KAR managed to overrun a whole enemy field hospital largely unopposed.
⇒レトウ=フォルベックは、第2/2および第3/2KAR隊に遭遇した後、当初は自軍の全軍隊を使って反撃すれば彼らを破壊できる可能性があると想定していた。しかし、すでにドイツ軍の本体が、襲撃のために呼び戻すにはあまりにも先へ進んでいたことが明らかになったとき、この計画は頓挫した。その一方で、第1/2 KAR隊が、ドイツ軍に知られないうちにリオマ=ムワンフパ道路沿いの南西に進んで、14時30分ごろ植民地保護隊の後衛部と遭遇した。守備隊にとっては全く驚いたことに、第1/2KAR隊は、ほとんど敵対しない敵地の病院を大々的に蹂躙した。

投稿日時 - 2018-08-20 22:12:39

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回答ありがとうございました。

投稿日時 - 2018-08-21 13:36:18

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