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The defensive power of the German Eingreif Divisions had been underestimated and the attacking divisions, having easily advanced for 1 mi (1.6 km) in three hours, had been exposed to observed machine-gun and artillery-fire for the rest of the day, most of the British casualties being incurred after the advance. The postponements of the attack prolonged the preliminary bombardment for six days and wet ground, particularly in the Bassevillebeeek, Hanebeek and Steeenbeek valleys had become crater-fields that filled with water when it rained. The German artillery concentration behind the Gheluvelt Plateau had been most effective against the artillery of the II and XIX corps, firing high-explosive and mustard gas bombardments, which caused many casualties to the British gunners, who could not be rested during the preparatory period, firing a record amount of ammunition but having to distribute it as far back as Flandern I.
In 1996, Prior and Wilson wrote that the French First Army, XIV Corps, XVIII Corps and XIX Corps advanced about 3,000 yards (2,700 m) took two German defensive positions and deprived the Germans of their observation posts on Pilckem Ridge, a "substantial achievement" despite the later repulse of the XVIII and XIX corps from the areas of the green and red lines. II Corps on the Gheluvelt Plateau had only advanced about 1,000 yards (910 m) beyond the Albrecht Stellung but took Bellewaarde Ridge and Stirling Castle. The training of the Fifth Army troops had enabled them to use Lewis guns, rifle grenades, trench mortars and tanks to overwhelm German pill boxes, where the artillery had managed to neutralise the defenders of a sufficient number in advance. Casualties were about the same, unlike 1 July 1916 when the British had only inflicted a few thousand on the Germans. The Fifth Army captured about 18 square miles (47 km2) on 31 July compared to only 3.5 square miles (9.1 km2) on the First day of the Somme.

投稿日時 - 2017-06-26 22:12:06

QNo.9345562

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>The defensive power of the German Eingreif Divisions had been underestimated and the attacking divisions, having easily advanced for 1 mi (1.6 km) in three hours, had been exposed to observed machine-gun and artillery-fire for the rest of the day, most of the British casualties being incurred after the advance. The postponements of the attack prolonged the preliminary bombardment for six days and wet ground, particularly in the Bassevillebeeek, Hanebeek and Steeenbeek valleys had become crater-fields that filled with water when it rained.
⇒英国軍の攻撃師団は3時間で簡単に1マイル(1.6キロ)進軍できたので、ドイツ軍アイングリーフ師団群の防御勢力を過小評価した。しかし、彼らは観察されていたのでその日の残りの間機関銃と大砲の砲火を浴び、(結局)英国軍犠牲者の大部分が進軍の後に被った。攻撃は、予備爆撃を6日間に延長したが、地面が湿っていて、特にバスヴィレベーク、ハネベーク、およびシュテーンベーク渓谷は、雨が降ったとき水びたしの砲弾痕戦場と化した。

>The German artillery concentration behind the Gheluvelt Plateau had been most effective against the artillery of the II and XIX corps, firing high-explosive and mustard gas bombardments, which caused many casualties to the British gunners, who could not be rested during the preparatory period, firing a record amount of ammunition but having to distribute it as far back as Flandern I.
⇒ゲルヴェルト台地背後のドイツ軍の大砲集中は、第II、第XIX軍団の砲兵隊に対して最も効果的で、高性能爆薬とマスタードガス爆撃の発砲が英国軍の射手らに多くの犠牲者を引き起こした。彼らは予備攻撃の期間中休むこともできず、記録的な量の弾薬を発射したが、それもフランドル第I陣地と同じくらい、はるかな後方にそれを打ち込まなければならなかったのである。

>In 1996, Prior and Wilson wrote that the French First Army, XIV Corps, XVIII Corps and XIX Corps advanced about 3,000 yards (2,700 m) took two German defensive positions and deprived the Germans of their observation posts on Pilckem Ridge, a "substantial achievement" despite the later repulse of the XVIII and XIX corps from the areas of the green and red lines. II Corps on the Gheluvelt Plateau had only advanced about 1,000 yards (910 m) beyond the Albrecht Stellung but took Bellewaarde Ridge and Stirling Castle.
⇒1996年にプリオール(修道会会長)とウィルソンはこう書いた。フランス第1方面軍、第XIV軍団、第XVIII軍団、および第XIX軍団がおよそ3,000ヤード(2,700m)進軍して2か所のドイツ軍陣地を奪取し、ドイツ軍からピルケム・リッジの監視所を奪ったが、これは、その後緑線部と赤線部の領域から第XVIII、第XIX軍団が追い出されたにもかかわらず、「実質的な業績」であった、と。ゲルヴェルト台地の第II軍団は、アルブレヒト陣地を越えておよそ1,000ヤード(910m)を進んだだけだったが、ベレワード・リッジとスターリング・キャッスルを奪取した。

>The training of the Fifth Army troops had enabled them to use Lewis guns, rifle grenades, trench mortars and tanks to overwhelm German pill boxes, where the artillery had managed to neutralise the defenders of a sufficient number in advance. Casualties were about the same, unlike 1 July 1916 when the British had only inflicted a few thousand on the Germans. The Fifth Army captured about 18 square miles (47 km2) on 31 July compared to only 3.5 square miles (9.1 km2) on the First day of the Somme.
⇒第5方面軍部隊の教練で、ドイツ軍のピルボックスを制圧するために、砲兵隊はルイス銃、銃榴弾、迫撃砲、および戦車の使用に習熟したので、前もって十分な数の守備隊を無力化することができた。犠牲者は、英国軍が数千をドイツ軍に課した1916年7月1日と違って、今回はほぼ同じであった。(ただし)第5方面軍は、ソンムの第1日目にわずか3.5平方マイル(9.1平方キロ)を攻略しただけであったのに比べて、7月31日におよそ18平方マイル(47平方キロ)を攻略した。

投稿日時 - 2017-07-02 15:54:15

お礼

回答ありがとうございました。

投稿日時 - 2017-07-02 17:17:47

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